In dwapara yuga, during their vanavas, Bhima, once in his search for a divine fragrant lotus flower that draupadi wished for, comes across the gardens where hanuman was residing.Hanuman tests bhima by becoming an old monkey blocking his path.Bhima initially asks and later demands the monkey to give way.The monkey says if he is that much of an obstacle, bhima can lift his tail out of the way and proceed.Bhima despite his immense strength is not able to lift the monkey’s tail.Understanding the monkey to be no ordinary monkey,bhima prays and accepts his defeat. Having properly curbed bhima’s arrogance,hanuman reveals himself and hugs his brother.On bhima’s request hanuman shows his enlarged form that he attained while crossing the ocean in his search for sita mata.
Once krishna sends arjuna to the ocean shore, where arjuna finds an old monkey praying to rama.The old monkey hears arjuna, ridiculing the rama setu saying he could have built a better bridge than vanaras and then challenges him.Arjuna arrogantly accepts the challenge but fails as every bridge he built collapses,the moment the old monkey steps on it.Finally their dispute is resolved by krishna and both arjuna and hanuman realise that krishna and rama are one and the same and pray to him.Following this incident, hanuman promises arjuna that though he cannot participate in the actual kurukshetra war, he will be on arjuna’s chariot, on his side stabilizing his chariot.Thus the flag on arjuna’s chariot came to be known as kapila dhwaja.Hanuman was one of the few who heard the gitopadesha from the lord krishna.
At his pattabhishekam, rama honours all his friends and allies ceremoniously.But when it comes to, hanuman an emotional rama embraces hanuman saying he can never adequately honor hanuman ,who is dear to him and was instrumental in their victory from the beginning.However, sita mata insists and gifts hanuman a priceless necklace of her own.When he receives it, Hanuman immediately takes it apart, and peers into each stone. Taken aback, many of those present demanded to know why he is destroying the precious gift.Hanuman answers that he was looking into the stones to make sure that Rama and Sita are in them, because if they are not, the necklace is of no value to him.
The courtiers laugh at hanuman’s simplicity saying does he expect every particle in the universe to have sita and rama in it.Hanuman replies why not, when every atom in his mortal shell has sita and rama.When courtiers question his claims ,hanuman tears open his chest with his nails and shows sita and rama literally residing in his heart to everyone’s astonishment.
In a fierce battle that shook the earth and heavens alike,rama and ravana face each other.Despite rama’s many efforts, ravana does not perish.Then,vibhishana reveals to rama that ravana has a pot of nectar in his stomach and hence he can only be killed when he is hit in the stomach.Rama refuses to do so saying it is against dharma yuddhaSeeing. that there is no other possible way, hanuman prays to his father vayu deva to direct the rama bana accordingly.Under vayu’s subtle direction the rama bana hits ravana in stomach and finally kills him.
While battling indrajit , Lakshmana falls prey to one of his stronger magical arrows and faints.After examining him, sushena , the physician of vanaras says only the herbs of sanjeevani mountain of the himalayas can save him ,that too before daybreak.Hanuman immediately starts for the mountain and after many difficulties finds the mountain.But hanuman could not recognize the herb sushena specified.Hence, hanuman uproots the entire mountain with his hands and travelling by the speed of wind, reaches the battlefield in time to save lakshamana.
Hanuman in Lanka war
As vanaras prepare for war on the banks of the ocean,they see Vibhishana approaching them.Vibhishana announces himself and pleads for rama’s protection as his brother has banished him. While other vanaras caution rama that he may be a spy of rakshasas ,rama seeks hanuman’s counsel on the matter. Hanuman describes how during his capture at lanka, vibhishana constantly took hanuman’s side citing that ravana was wrong.Hanuman says vibhishana is on the side of dharma and would be of great help strategically in the war.
Rama&Lakashmana reaches the ocean shore with hanuman and vanara sena .Rama first prays, requests and finally gets angry with samudra, god of the ocean, when he does not give way to rama sena. A terrified samudra appears and appeases rama and suggests that Nala , the architect of vanaras, can build a bridge over him.But when vanaras try to build the bridge , the stones drift apart and sink. Hanuman then suggests everyone to write rama-nama on all stones so they stick together and float.Thus was the rama setu nirmana done.
After extinguishing his flaming tail in the sea, he returns to Rama.He apprises rama of the incidents as they happened in lanka. Rama appreciates hanuman’s efforts and hugs him affectionately.
Enraged by hanuman’s warning, Ravana orders Hanuman’s execution, whereupon Ravana’s brother Vibhishana intervenes, pointing out that it is against rajadharma to kill a messenger. Ravana then orders Hanuman’s tail be lit afire. As Ravana’s forces light his tail, Hanuman allows it to burn, then escapes from his captors, and with his tail on fire he burns down large parts of Lanka.The beautiful lanka thus lay in ruins under the rage of the ramabantu.